IRENA projected that this amount could reach 78 million metric tonnes by 2050. From pv magazine International.. “Customers have the option to use our services when the panels get to the end of life stage,” a spokesperson told Solar Power World. Consider the following statements: Were these statements made by the right-wing Heritage Foundation? When growth levels off then PV producers would face rapidly increasing recycling costs as a percentage of revenues. An obvious solution would be to impose a new fee on solar panels that would go into a federal disposal and decommissioning fund. Solar requires 15x more materials than nuclearEP. You aren’t a real skeptic. Have you any evidence that nature works as you say? Solar panel disposal in “regular landfills [is] not recommended in case modules break and toxic materials leach into the soil,” the Electric Power Research Institute determined in a 2016 study. Portions copyright © Principia Scientific International. ” said EPRI’s Cara Libby. PY - 2017/8/15. https ://, Accounting For Lorenz’s Missing Lubrication in the Atmosphere Currently, citizens have the right to file lawsuits against government agencies and corporations to force them to abide by various environmental laws, including ones that protect the public from toxic waste. NO, none of you have, without those carefully made and verified measurements giving evidence that your theory is correct, and can be useful in predicting with good accuracy what the weather and climate will do in the future it is not that worthy. “I’ve been involved with millions of solar panels going into the field, and now they’re getting old.”. Such a recycling and waste management fund could help nations address their other e-waste problems while supporting the development of a new, high-tech industry in recycling solar panels. bEnvironmental Studies Program, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA. That claim has been contradicted by the previously-mentioned Stuttgart research scientists who found cadmium from solar panels “can be almost completely washed out…over a period of several months…by rainwater.” The main finding promoted by IRENA’s in its 2016 report was that, “If fully injected back into the economy, the value of the recovered material [from used solar panels] could exceed USD 15 billion by 2050.”, But IRENA’s study did not compare the value of recovered material to the cost of new materials and admitted that “Recent studies agree that PV material availability is not a major concern in the near term, but critical materials might impose limitations in the long term.”, They might, but today recycling costs more than the economic value of the materials recovered, which is why most solar panels end up in landfills. Meteorologists have been getting away wth the same tactics for 170 years and you never noticed. GRAVISPHERES: What’s the matter with Dark Matter? Back Radiation Greenhouse Effect of 33 Kelvin Possible? ... First Solar has meanwhile been steadily reducing the amount of cadmium used in its solar cells. I’m not running a hand holding service. Solar should be no different. You are a pretend skeptic. Solar cells, wind bird shredders and biofuels are net energy LOSERS. All the phoneys that came before were happy to provide you with the tools with which you could pretend to understand what you actually don’t understand. At the meeting, the representatives from industry and DTSC all acknowledged how difficult it would be to test to determine whether a solar panel being removed would be classified as hazardous waste or not. Meteorological theory has always been a religion based on traditional values, couched in scientific vagueness and self-righteous dimwittedness. Industry often prefers to comply with a single national standard rather than multiple different state standards. Maybe adjust your attitude as it puts off skeptics like me, and I’m sure makes many reluctant to even glance at your ideas. 2013, DOI: 10.1021/es402969c ). According to a report by the World Health Organization in 2008, coal particulates pollution are estimated to shorten approximately 1,000,000 lives annually worldwide. Maybe adjust your attitude as it puts off skeptics like me, and I’m sure makes many reluctant to even glance at your ideas. LOL. YOU CANNOT BUILD A RELIABLE ENERGY SUPPLY FROM UNRELIABLE ENERGY SOURCES. Perhaps you have the correct course, perhaps you are on the right road, without verified evidence you have nothing! Perhaps you have the correct course, perhaps you are on the right road, without verified evidence you have nothing! The answer is no. Clean Energy – What is it and what are we paying for? PV array made of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panels Cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics describes a photovoltaic (PV) technology that is based on the use of cadmium telluride in a thin semiconductor layer designed to absorb and convert sunlight into electricity. In relation to solar panels, the CdTe is safe while encapsulated in the module, but if the panel is damaged and exposed to … Third, the United Nations Environment Programme’s Global Partnership for Waste Management, as part of its International Environmental Partnership Center,  should more strictly monitor e-waste shipments and encourage nations importing used solar panels into secondary markets to impose a fee to cover the cost of recycling or long-term management. “Washington-based solar panel manufacturer Itek Energy assisted with the bill’s writing,” noted Solar Power World. An Indian research team has analyzed around 300 scientific studies about PV panel waste containing carcinogenic metals. All you show there is your hypothesis replacing others, and it may have very much merit but without careful measurement and real scientific justification you have nothing. 57-64 ISSN: 0304-3894 Subject: For this reason, the whole solar panel is considered hazardous by many experts and governments, including the state of California , which is trying to prevent the flow of old solar panels to landfills. AU - Sierra Alvarez, Maria Reye. Go back to your “Green Peace” (haha .. what a joke .. neither “green” nor “peace”). And as the problem of the secondary market for solar shows, ultimately there needs to be some kind of international regulation. T1 - Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions. And CO2 cannot acidify the oceans, and marine life and plant life all love more CO2. Rather, the quotes come from a senior Chinese solarofficial, a 40-year veteran of the U.S. solar industry, and research scientistswith the German Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics. If you are so confused you cannot formulate a specific argument or even a specific point don’t whine to me about it. Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions Author: Ramos-Ruiz, Adriana, Wilkening, Jean V., Field, James A., Sierra-Alvarez, Reyes Source: Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.336 pp. Cadmium is a particular toxic waste problem: The fact that cadmium can be washed out of solar modules by rainwater is increasingly a concern for local environmentalists like the Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake in Virginia, where a 6,350 acre solar … From your link I see lots of negativity against current thinking — all well and fine but where is your science? A 2004 study commissioned by environmental groups, but contested by the US EPA, concluded that coal burning costs 24,000 lives a year in the United States. “In the event of company bankruptcies, PV module producers would no longer contribute to the recycling cost of their products,” notes Milliman, “leaving governments to decide how to deal with cleanup.”. If so show it — AND STOP SHOUTING ABUSE! https ://, Vortices are the Pressure Relief Valves of the Atmosphere The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in 2016 estimated there was about 250,000 metric tonnes of solar panel waste in the world at the end of that year. Solar panel efficiency can be calculated by MPP (maximum power point) value of solar panels. TomOMason: Explain why should anyone believe your ideas? Field Reyes Sierra-Alvarez PRINCIPIA SCIENTIFIC INTERNATIONAL is legally registered in the UK as a company incorporated for charitable purposes. There is real-world precedent for this concern. Sci. James McGinn: Cadmium is a major ingredient in one particular type of solar panel called cadmium telluride. Although solar panels contain hazardous materials, such as lead and cadmium, they are sealed in enclosures or even sandwiched between plates of glass. “If a recycling plant carries out every step by the book,” a Chinese expert told The South China Morning Post, “their products can end up being more expensive than new raw materials.”. So get over it and stop being a wannabe childish bully. Many experts urge mandatory recycling. A crushed non-encapsulated CdTe thin-film solar cell was subjected to two standardized batch leaching tests (i.e., Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and California Waste Extraction Test (WET)) and to a continuous-flow column test to assess cadmium (Cd) and tellurium (Te) dissolution under conditions simulating the acidic- and the methanogenic phases of municipal solid … German researchers at the Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics warned that poor and developing nations are at higher risk of suffering the consequences. AU - Ramos-Ruiz, Adriana. Till you can answer those simple question then you are as lost as the rest of us. Regarding coal-burning waste, it’s still a manageable waste that we handle. Those large surface areas, in turn, require an order of magnitude more in materials — whether today’s toxic combination of glass, heavy metals, and rare earth elements, or some new material in the future — than other energy sources. Vindicating decision: US Patent Trial and Appeal Board invalidates claims of Hanwha Q-Cells US Patent asserted against REC Group, Why renewable prices have become so cheap, Why solar-powered Christmas lights are a safer (and greener) option, How to keep cool without the air-con this summer. But it is notable that some new forms of electronic waste, namely smartphones like the iPhone, have in many cases replaced things like stereo systems, GPS devices, and alarm clocks and thus reduced their contribution to the e-waste stream. Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions Author links open overlay panel Adriana Ramos-Ruiz Jean V. Wilkening 1 James A.
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