It is worth to mention that the total population of these overseas territories in the Caribbean is approximately 140,000. Lewis (2016:532) observes that “the most striking realisation from BREXIT is that integration processes do not necessarily follow an inevitable trajectory of ever-closer union but can unravel”. In 2006, there were 32 broadcast television stations. There are 14 institutions of higher education on the island. mi. population of 422,000. For many years, Caribbean countries grew by narrowly focusing on tourism. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. MIDWAY Most Caribbean countries remained under colonial rule after the abolition of slavery. The first settlers arrived on 12 August 1508, under the able leadership of Ponce de León, who sought to transplant and adapt Spanish civilization to Puerto Rico’s tropical habitat. In 1940, when annual income per capita was $118, agricultural workers made as little as 6 cents an hour, and the illiteracy rate was 70%. LANGUAGE : English; Bahamian dialect As of 2004, 127 radio stations (74 AM, 53 FM) were operation. Representatives: 1 (nonvoting) Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. Both St. Croix and St. Thomas have airports, with St. Croix’s facility handling the larger number of jet flights from the continental United States and Europe. Territorial court judges, who preside over misdemeanor and traffic cases, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. A Jewish synagogue there is the second-oldest in the New World, and the Lutheran Congregation of St. Thomas, founded in 1666, is one of the three oldest congregations in the United States. Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion are first-order administrative divisions of overseas France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. The island was captured by U.S. forces during the Spanish-American War (1898). Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). It is one of the two independent American countries to make French their official language. Under the Treaty of Paris (December 1898) Puerto Rico was ceded outright to the United States. It extends 179 kilometers (111 miles) from east to west and 58 kilometers (36 miles) from north to south. Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies of Independent Countries Share Flipboard Email Print The US territory of Guam. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. The modern political world includes (58) territories and/or dependencies. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Of the twenty (20) countries in the world that depend most on tourism, eleven (11) are in the Caribbean. The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. English is the official and most widely spoken language. Dependent Territories . The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively. This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west. Thousands of Puerto Ricans commute annually between Puerto Rico and the United States. American Samoa, an unincorpo…, Galápagos Islands, a group of nineteen volcanic islands and numerous islets in the eastern Pacific, lying astride the equator, 600 miles west of main…, LOCATION : Bahamas Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states.. 301,800), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlan…, United States Army Warrant Officers Association, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), United States Amish and Pennsylvania Dutch, United States Air Force Academy: Tabular Data, United States Air Force Academy: Narrative Description, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United States Agency for International Development, United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia), United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), United Railways & Electric Co. OF Baltimore v. West 280 U.S. 234 (1930), United States Catholic Mission Association, United States Coast Guard Academy: Narrative Description, United States Coast Guard Academy: Tabular Data, United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States District Court for the Eastern District OF Michigan, United States v. 407 U.S. 297 (1972), United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, United States Government Accountability Office, United States Government Publishing Office, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. The subtropical climate, with temperatures ranging from 21–32°c (70–90 °f) and an average temperature of 25°c (77°f), is moderated by northeast trade winds. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. Everyone longs to be there. Congress granted U.S. citizenship to the Virgin Islanders in 1927. This is, again, because of the incredible array of attractions their size allows. . These orthodox policy recommendations have … Caribbean Dependencies. Those aren't the same thing. The separate history of the U.S. Virgin Islands began with the settlement of St. Thomas by the Danish West India Company in 1672. 328-352. It is the biggest French-speaking Caribbean state with over 42% of the population conversing in French. Now, during the corona crisis, it’s deserted and vulnerable. Having no knowledge of agriculture or pottery, they relied on the products of the sea; their remains have been found mostly in caves. By 2006, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached $74.89 billion, up from $15.8 billion in 1986. Date December 3, 2020; Grade 5: Social Studies Skills Caribbean Dependencies. . The population was estimated at 3,927,188 in 2006. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes. The Virgin Islands had 22 radio stations (6 AM, 16 FM) and 5 broadcast television stations in 2004. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. As well as 21 dependencies. In this category, too, Royal Caribbean’s Oasis Class ships often are touted as the vessels to beat. Ferré had supported statehood in the 1967 plebiscite. Despite that, its inhabitants are British citizens, meaning the Queen is their head of state … Level 37. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. The two largest Spanish-language daily newspapers, both from San Juan, are El Vocero de Puerto Rico (259,000 daily circulation in 2002), and El Nuevo Día (227,000). Puerto Rico lies between 17°51’ and 18°31’ n and 65°13’ and 67°56’ w. It is separated from the Dominican Republic (on the island of Hispaniola) to the west by the Mona Passage, which is 121 kilometers (75 miles) wide. The Popular Democratic Party (PPD) was the dominant political party until 1968, when Luis A. Ferré, a New Progressive Party (PNP) candidate, won the governorship. The population of the San Juan metropolitan area is more than one million. Sugarcane, cultivated by slave labor, was the backbone of the islands’ prosperity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. The Taino combined fishing with agriculture. In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. It is crossed from east to west by mountain ranges, the most prominent being the Cordillera Central, rising to nearly 1,338 meters (4,390 feet). PALMYRA ATOLL The third culture, the Taíno were also of South American Arawak origin. Economic development is promoted by the U.S.-government–owned Virgin Islands Corp. A peaceful, sedentary tribe, the Taíno were adept at stone-work and lived in many parts of the island; to these Amerindians, the island was known as Borinquén. However, this over- The Dominican Republic shares the Caribbean island of all stability masks a substantial shift in the profile of Hispaniola with Haiti. Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. The pro-commonwealth PPD remained in control of the government in every election from 1984–92, when Pedro Rosselló, an PNP member and supporter of statehood, was elected governor; Roselló was reelected in 1996. Charlotte Amalie has one of the finest harbors in the Caribbean. In the November 2000 election, Sila M. Calderon of the PPD was elected governor. Spanish is the official language, but many Puerto Ricans also speak English, which is required as a second language in the schools. 12 Jan. 2021 . . Caribbean Dependency Theory (CDT) emerged at the University of the West Indies in the 1960s and became particularly influential as a critical analytical response to evolving neoliberal policies in the 1970s. The island’s primary export is refined petroleum products. Matt Rosenberg. There is a small but vocal independence movement, divided into two wings: the moderates, favoring social democracy, and the radicals, supporting close ties with the regime of Communist leader Fidel Castro in Cuba. In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. Navassa. The Federal Dependencies of Venezuela (Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela) encompass most of Venezuela's offshore islands in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Venezuela, excluding those islands that form the State of Nueva Esparta and some Caribbean coastal islands that are integrated with nearby states. There are three island territories within the British Isles that are known as Crown Dependencies; these are the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey which make up Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. The first visit by a European explorer was 19 November 1493, when Christopher Columbus landed. Caribbean Dependency theories were all grounded in Conflict Theory (as initially formulated by Marx in the 1880s) and incorporated Critical theory (as initially formulated by the Frankfurt School during the 1930s). By 1990 there were 2,000 plants in Puerto Rico. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. The commonwealth status was upheld in a plebiscite (general vote) in 1967, with 60.5% voting for continuation of the commonwealth and 38.9% for Puerto Rican statehood. Puerto Rico was briefly held by the English in 1598 and San Juan was besieged by the Dutch in 1625; otherwise, Spanish rule continued until the latter part of the 19th century. By then, the gold mines were nearly depleted. While many claim that fossil fuels helped cultivate a modern disregard for the natural world, I show how the negative ecologies of fossil fuels also instigated new scientific and political appreciations for the liveliness of the natural world. The island, located at 18°24’ n and 75°1’ w is uninhabited except for a lighthouse station under the administration of the coast guard. A long period of economic decline followed. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico enjoys almost complete internal autonomy. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Michael Runkel / robertharding / Getty Images. Electoral votes: 0 The population is 9.4 million, and dependency, occurring mainly in low and middle income 0.5 million (5.7%) are aged 65 and over [11]. The West Indies can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west. NORTHERN MARIANAS Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. In 1948, Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. Islands off the coast include Mona and Desecheo to the west and Vieques and Culebra to the east. "United States Caribbean Dependencies (2006). Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. HOWLAND, BAKER, AND JARVIS ISLANDS Other institutions of higher learning are the Catholic University of Puerto Rico in Ponce, and the Inter-American University with campuses at Hato Rey, San Germán, and elsewhere. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. U.S. taxes do not apply in Puerto Rico, since the commonwealth is not represented in Congress. In the Caribbean dependencies of France and UK, life expectancy has moved more or less in parallel with that in their administrating countries, and as a result gaps in life expectancy were relatively small or non-existent in the early 2010s. At a Glance Population: 122,211 In Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean Euclid Rose focuses upon the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism. Christopher Columbus, who reached the islands in 1493, named them for the martyred virgin St. Ursula. The PPD returned to power in 1972 but lost to the PNP in 1976 and again, by a very narrow margin, in 1980; in 1984, it took roughly two-to-one majorities in both houses. [citation needed] A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. According to 2000 Census, about 86% of the population ages 16 to 19 years old were enrolled in school; of those, about 18% were enrolled in private schools. Caribbean Dependencies. Jul 28, 2017. By Stabroek News-- October 15, 2020 By Bert Hoffmann No region depends more on tourism than the Caribbean. The average yearly rainfall is 114 centimeters (45 inches), mostly during the summer months. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. At this time, St. Croix was inhabited by Carib Indians, who were eventually driven from the island by Spanish soldiers in 1555. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has said the government should consider imposing "direct rule" on the 14 British overseas territories and three Crown dependencies if they do not comply with UK tax law. U.S. divantilya +4. Mean annual rainfall varies from 91 centimeters (36 inches) on the south coast to 152 centimeters (60 inches) in San Juan and may total more than 457 centimeters (180 inches) on the northern mountain slopes in the interior. They also lost men in their rebellion against the Spanish. Sovereign states. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia.The original content was at Category:Caribbean territories or dependencies.The list of authors can be seen in the page history.As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. About one-third of the island’s land is arable. The constitution was ratified by popular referendum on 3 March 1952. Puerto Rico’s businesses have duty-free access to the markets of the United States. Political Geography Basics Physical Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one controlled by the British, the other controlled by Denmark. He called the island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist) and claimed it for Spain. St. John, also mountainous, has fine beaches and lush vegetation; about two-thirds of St. John’s area has been declared a national park. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. There are 13 sovereign island nations and 12 dependent territories, with close political ties throughout the region to Europe and the United States. Social. Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. Puerto Rico has a total area 9,104 square kilometers (3,515 square miles). (January 12, 2021). In 1947, Congress provided for popular election of the governor. Archaeological finds indicate that at least three Amerindian cultures had settled on the island long before Columbus’s arrival. Governor John DeJongh assumed the office on 1 January 2007. In 2000 there were 856 kilometers (531.6 miles) of roads in the U.S. Virgin Islands; the U.S. Virgin Islands has the only U.S. roads where driving is done on the left side of the road. The Taíno population began to suffer from being forced to work. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. All of these are listed in alphabetical order with capital city and country of dependency reference. The number of tourists rose dramatically throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, from 448,165 in 1964 to 2.6 million in 2005. The Caribbean archipelago encompasses more than 7,000 individual islands in a region of approximately 1 million square miles. The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. The mildly tropical climate is moderated by the surrounding sea, and seasonal variations are slight. 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