… Sufi Biography: Faridudin Attar. Free PDF. She recommends Simurgh as their true king, saying that one of his feathers fell on China. Today it is the official language of. The epic poem is a masnavi, a poetic form invented by the Persians. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Written and compiled throughout much of his life and published before his death, the compelling account of the execution of the mystic Mansur al-Hallaj, who had uttered the words "I am the Truth" in a state of ecstatic contemplation, is perhaps the most well known extract from the book. comment. 1 Pages. These valleys are as follows:[20][21], Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. Poem Hunter all poems of by Farid ud-Din Attar poems. 286 ff, “Persian Poetry, Sufism and Ismailism: The Testimony of Khwajah Qasim Tushtari's Recognizing God.”, quoted in H. Ritter, "Philologika X," pp. or. Poems by Attar. Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one. Farīd ad-Dīn ʿAṭṭār (en persan : فَرید الدّین ابو حامِد محمّد عطّار نِیشابوری, Farīd ad-dīn Abū Ḥāmid Moḥammed ʿAṭṭār Nīšābūrī), parfois surnommé Attar de Nishapur, est un poète mystique persan (v. 1145 - mort entre 1190 et 1229), né et mort à Nichapour (), où se trouve son tombeau. His ideas range over the whole spectrum of Persian mysticism and religious philosophy, and his writing paved the way for the triumphs of Rumi and Hafiz. Download Full PDF Package. Dec 13, 2014 - appendixjournal: “ An illustration from Attar of Nishapur’s poem “The Conference of the Birds” (1177 CE). Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221; Persian: ابو حامد بن ابوبکر ابراهیم‎), better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فرید الدین) and ʿAṭṭār (عطار, Attar means apothecary), was a Persian[3][4][5] poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. According to Idries Shah, China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith (declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis): "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221) better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century and later on underwent a total renovation during the rule of Reza Shah in 1940. Biography. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. [14][15] He did not seem to want to reveal the secrets of nature. Eventually, he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely - to Baghdad, Basra, Kufa, Mecca, Medina, Damascus, Khwarizm, Turkistan, and India, meeting with Sufi Shaykhs - and returned promoting Sufi ideas. The piece received its first performance by Saba Orchestra and the vocalist Khatereh Parvaneh at the National Television in Tehran. Attar's masterful use of symbolism is a key, driving component of the poem. Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. On the way, many perish of thirst, heat or illness, while others fall prey to wild beasts, panic, and violence. Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of the natural sciences. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava (active ca. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, while his poem models the soul’s escape from the mind’s rational embrace. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. Attar. The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). Attar a écrit plusieurs poèmes moraux et mystiques, dont les plus célèbres sont "Le Livre des conseils" ou "La Conférence des oiseaux". Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. Every year, a number of literati and scholars gathered at the mausoleum of the Persian poet Attar of Nishapur to mark Attar National Day, which was on April 13. 'Attar began The Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tair) with an invocation praising the holy Creator in which he suggested that one must live a hundred lives to know oneself; but you must know God by the deity, not by yourself, for God opens the way, not human wisdom. Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. [11] According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. Reviews There … It likely set the stage for later poetry in this style by mystics such as Attar and Rumi.[17]. He obviously had no motive for sharing his expert knowledge in the manner customary among court panegyrists, whose type of poetry he despised and never practiced. `Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist or alchemist, and during his lifetime in Persia, much of medicine and drugs were based on herbs. The hoopoe, the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. It adheres to a meter of ten or eleven syllables per line, in rhyming couplets. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. This is particularly remarkable in the case of medicine, which fell well within the scope of his professional expertise as pharmacist. He was born in Kadkan, a village near Neishabour in Khorasan Razavi which is in the north-east of Iran. The Hoopoe presents herself as a messenger from the invisible world with knowledge of God and the secrets of creation. Attar’s most famous poem by far is his Conference of the Birds(Mantiq al-tayr). 5.12. Attar's poetry inspired Rumi and many other Sufi poets. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Faridudin Attar (فریدالدین عطار) was born in Nishapur In 1136. Mausoleum of Attar of Nishapur. `Attar, along with Sanai were two of the greatest influences on Rumi in his Sufi views. Within the larger context of the story of the journey of the birds, Attar masterfully tells the reader many didactic short, sweet stories in captivating poetic style. Fifty Poems of Attar book. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). Tagged: Fariduddin Attar of Nishapur . 1590–1610), in ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper, dimensions 25,4 x 11,4 cm.[22]. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. 1: 751-755. In the poem, the birds of the world gather to decide who is to be their sovereign, as they have none. [4] One work is missing from these lists, namely the Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, which was probably omitted because it is a prose work; its attribution to `Attar is scarcely open to question. The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons. According to Reinert: It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. étiquettes récits fables poésie poèmes contes soufisme sagesse quête mystique oiseaux spirituel traditions religion spiritualité islam islam iranien mystique musulmane [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. Download PDF Package. The story of Sultan Mahmood travelling faster than Messenger. The Ghazals often seem from their outward vocabulary just to be love and wine songs with a predilection for libertine imagery, but generally imply spiritual experiences in the familiar symbolic language of classical Islamic Sufism. - Farid ud Din Attar - translation Margaret Smith -. His ideas and exquisite verse deserve a wider circulation than has been accorded … Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi.However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now Allama Iqbal. Farid ud-Din Attar was apparently tried at one point for heresy and exiled from Nishapur, but he eventually returned to his home city and that is where he died. [4] His talent for perception of deeper meanings behind outward appearances enables him to turn details of everyday life into illustrations of his thoughts. From childhood onward Attar, encouraged by his father, was interested in the Sufis and their sayings and way of life, and regarded their saints as his spiritual guides. The soul will manifest itself when the body is laid aside. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. `Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. Ritter, H. (1986), “Attar”, Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Ed., vol. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. Etsi töitä, jotka liittyvät hakusanaan Attar of nishapur poems tai palkkaa maailman suurimmalta makkinapaikalta, jossa on yli 18 miljoonaa työtä. After completing his studies he followed his father’s profession... Sufi Stories. [4] Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. Fifty Poems of Attar. Loading Preview Download pdf × Close Log In. [7] He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. According to Edward G. Browne, Attar as well as Rumi and Sana'i, were Sunni as evident from the fact that their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb - who are detested by Shia mysticism. Premium PDF Package. In its introduction `Attar mentions three other works of his, including one entitled Šarḥ al-Qalb, presumably the same that he destroyed. The nature of the other two, entitled Kašf al-Asrār (کشف الاسرار) and Maʿrifat al-Nafs (معرفت النفس), remains unknown.[19]. When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. The first son asks for the daughter of the king of the fairies, the second for the mastery of magic, the third for the cup of Jamshid, which has the property of displaying the whole world, the fourth for the water of life, the fifth for the ring of Solomon, which has control over fairies and demons, and the sixth for mastering alchemy. [6] Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. 11th January 2019 . In 1990 the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available. Although his heroes are for the most part Sufis and ascetics, he also introduces stories from historical chronicles, collections of anecdotes, and all types of high-esteemed literature. It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century. "A. J. Arberry, "Sufism: An Account of the Mystics ", Courier Dover Publications, Nov 9, 2001. p. 141, Sholeh Wolpé, "The Conference of the Birds" W. W. Norton & Co, 2017, First edition p. 5, F. Meier, "Der Geistmensch bei dem persischen Dichter `Attar", Eranos-Jahrbuch 13, 1945, pp. But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. He has often being referred as Farid-ul-Din of Nishapur. Of the forty works bearing Attar’s name, approximately seven are verifiably his, including The Conference of the Birds, which he completed around 1187 when he was about forty years old. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. Information about Attar’s life is scarce and has been mythologized over the centuries. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. + Voir plus. The word ‘Attar’ (perfumist) derives from Arabic/Persian word ‘Iter’ meaning perfume. Attar, who lived in Nishapur until his death in 1220, was a complex personality, a brilliant storyteller and poet in both lyric and epic forms, and a creative and original Sufi thinker. His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. The Allegorical 'Conference of the birds' is Attars most famous work. ‘ATTAR: SELECTED POETRY Translation, Introduction & Notes by Paul Smith Farid ad-din ‘Attar is seen with Sana’i and Rumi (who he met and influenced) as one of the three most important Sufi Poet –Masters of the 13th century. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. Ajouter des informations. Ajouter une vidéo. Information about Attar's life is rare and scarce. His works were the inspiration of Rumi and many other mystic poets. This paper. Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. PDF. His lyric poetry does not significantly differ from that of his narrative poetry, and the same may be said of the rhetoric and imagery. PDF. Sana'i, Maulvi and Attar are the three peaks of Persian mysticism that used poetry to express their intentions and thoughts. منطق الطیر - هفت شهر عشق = Mantiq Al-Tayr = Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr = The Conference of the Birds, Farid ud-Din Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (1177), is a celebrated literary masterpiece of Persian literature by poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. Poem Hunter all poems of by Attar of Nishapur poems. [4] At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[8] and mentions in another poem: Attar traveled through all the seven cities of love, While I am only at the bend of the first alley..[9], `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. Fifty Poems of Attar. The King tries to show the temporary and senseless desires of his six sons by retelling them a large number of spiritual stories. The Ilāhī-Nama (Persian: الهی نامه‎) or Elāhī-Nāmeh is another famous poetic work of Attar, consisting of 6500 verses. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. 'Attar also means rose oil. Download with Google Download with Facebook. Attar of Nishapur; Attar of Nishapur. Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Excerpt: "ATTAR, FARID AL-DIN MUHAMMAD B. IBRAHIM.Persian mystical poet. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. On translating Attar, Attar in Encyclopedia Iranica by B. Reinert, Deewan-e-Attar in original Persian single pdf file uploaded by javed Hussen, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attar_of_Nishapur&oldid=998121596, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. M. Chopra, 2014, " Great Poets of Classical Persian ", Sparrow Publication, Kolkata (, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:47. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. Rekisteröityminen ja tarjoaminen on ilmaista. Attar of Nishapur (The Newborn) The home we seek is in eternity. There are also some Qasida ("Odes"), but they amount to less than one-seventh of the Divan. PDF. 6 Fifty Poems of Attar Khurasan, the Hanafis and Shafi‘ts. Notably, jazz bassist David Holland's album, which was written as a metaphor for his own enlightenment, and Om's Conference of the Birds, which deals with extremely esoteric themes often connected with metaphors of flight, inward vision, destruction of self, and oneness with the cosmos. Find the legendary Simorgh '' ), Harvard University Press, 1972, pp Farid Uddin Attar Adattamento teatrale regia. About Attar ’ s lyrical poetry but does not comment on his mathnawis ( narrative poems.. Valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh W. Bulliet, the Patricians of Nishapur be seen in. 13 ] in explaining his thoughts, 'attar uses material not only specifically! With * * * * on this page •, © by owner Attar, along with were! 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