What really happens is that sunlight keeps on breaking plastic garbage to smaller and smaller pieces where they eventually become microscopic pieces. The question is, why isn’t anyone cleaning the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? One of the major threats is the dumping of plastic fishing nets. Interesting, it is not the only garbage patch that haunts our oceans. Problem is that marine animals like fish end up consuming these microplastics that are laced with organic toxics. To be specific, the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre is actually formed by 4 currents which are: 8. Charles Moore now works at the Algalita Marine Research and Education in California, an organisation dedicated to “giving young people the opportunity to take up the charge against plastic pollution.”. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the world’s largest collection of floating trash—and the most famous. © 2021 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the world’s largest collection of floating trash—and the most famous. Here are some unbelievable facts on the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. 34. Britannica Explores. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. Although the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the largest and most polluted oceanic region in the world, it is by no means the only patch in the world. Again, there are offshore oil rigs and boaters. This is called the North Pacific Gyre, or more commonly known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. The estimate actually varies. Right now, there is a gigantic “soup” of trash floating somewhere between California, Hawaii and Asia. Microplastics have been discovered inside the Great Pacific Garbage Patch at every level under the water level, all the way down to the ocean floor. The Ocean Cleanup is an initiative founded and lead by Boyan Slat. Actually, there is a garbage patch. It may be a little frayed and a little washed out, but it is still very much recognisable as a crate. National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration’s Marine Debris Program (NOAAMDP) says that even if some intelligent nets with brains are developed that can actually only trap the debris and leave the natural food behind, it will take 24×7 work for 365 days straight to clean up 1% of the patch using 67 ships together! What we do know is that microplastics are terrible news for marine life. Thanks to crowdfunding and donations from Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, The Ocean Cleanup raised over $31.5 million USD to launch the biggest ocean cleanup in history. While some areas of the patch have more trash than others, much of the debris is made of microplastics (by count). 24. In the week it took to cross the subtropical high, no matter what time of day I looked, plastic debris was floating everywhere: bottles, bottle caps, wrappers, fragments.”. And what can be done about it? The second one lies between California and Hawaii and is known as the Eastern Garbage Patch. In fact, you don’t see any plastic garbage pile floating around at all! In recent years though, as well as circulating water around the globe, they have begun to act as trash vortexes, pulling in plastic debris and not allowing it to escape. If this is hard to comprehend, picture the state of Texas. Pretty unusually plastic products are dropped in oceans. Digging into the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Der Great Pacific Garbage Patch befindet sich im Nordpazifik und besteht aus zwei Zonen, in denen sich Müll ansammelt. The plastic debris suspended close to the surface actually end up blocking sunlight from reaching below. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is one of many areas in the ocean where marine debris naturally concentrates because of ocean currents. This process repeats until you would need a microscope to even be able to see the plastic particles. In fact, researchers discovered that around 74% of the diet of sea turtles within the GPGP consists of plastic debris. When Moore and his crew were sailing through the North Pacific Gyre, one of the most remote parts of the ocean, they observed large amounts of plastic debris floating in the ocean. Right now, there is a gigantic “soup” of trash floating somewhere between California, Hawaii and Asia. 4. When the fish and turtles decline in population, the apex predators such as sharks and tuna will have less food and their population will gradually decline. These plastics are in fact microplastics or rather small pieces of plastic that are suspended in the water. Or if you compare it to air pollution, it is like a plastic smog of tiny plastic particles. Texas is immense in … Der Nordpazifikwirbel dreht sich über den ganzen Nordpazifik im Uhrzeigersinn. According to a recent study, 46% of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is made up of fishing nets. How does that happen? Charles Moore, a racing boat captain, discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. The development of the size of the patch is very difficult to predict. We are pretty darn sure that majority of you will agree with what we are stating. When a piece of ghost gear captures an animal, it is known as a ‘ghost catch’. The result is that the turtles end up eating plastic bags. And on and on this process will go, century after century. Good question and a good solution too! It is a swirling collection of plastic debris, or Once the debris has been contained, it will then be picked up by a ship, which acts as a ‘garbage truck of the sea’. 25. Thus, the summary is simple! Not only are they unable to digest the plastic, they are also hit but the toxic pollutants, which their endocrine system thinks of as estradiol (basically an estrogen sex hormone and steroid). People also call it, Pacific Trash Vortex. The weight of all this plastic is probably more than 80,000 tonnes, and these figures continue to grow. 38. They also get caught in the garbage. km. You’ll read estimates online of 500 years or 1000 years, but they are just that: estimates. When sunlight fails to reach these organisms, their communities dies. Ecologists and oceanographers have actually discovered that the ocean floor right beneath the Pacific Trash Vortex also contains heaped debris. Making things more complicated, the location of the patch can vary over time, depending on the time of year. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is found within the North Pacific Gyre, which is one of five major ocean gyres in the world. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is located in the Gyre of the North Pacific and is … Digging into the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. 70% of all trash in the great Pacific garbage patch sunk and is found below the surface. That makes just 8% of the total history on record. 32. It is made up of two parts. Do Martian Photographs Reveal Life? 31. Showing incredible drive and ingenuity, in 2013 Slat founded the non-profit organisation ‘The Ocean Cleanup’. Initially, we thought fishing gear would be more in the 20 per cent range. Every square kilometer of ocean in the pacific garbage patch contains about 120,000 pieces of plastic. The reason why debris accumulates in these areas can be explained by looking at what an ocean gyre actually is. 27. The amount of plastic waste in the Pacific has increased by 100 in the last 40 years ; 12,000 to 24,000 tons of plastic are ingested by fish living in the pacific ocean each year; 80% of the trash in the great Pacific garbage patch comes from land; 65 percent of the trash from the land is consumer used plastic which has not been disposed properly The Great Pacific Garbage Patch contains a staggering number of pieces of plastic, estimated to be between 1.1 to 3.6 trillion. That’s roughly 200 pieces of plastic for every person on the planet. 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