The sea is named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East. The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the Japanese island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north. Salmon, Herring, Pollack, Flounder, Cod, Crab and Shrimp are all commercially harvested. sea ice floe at sea of okhotsk and the way to utoro - sea of okhotsk stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Bowhead whale near a SUP surfer in Wrangel Bay of the Sea of Okhotsk off the coast of the Khabarovsk Territory, Russia's Far East. The distribution and thickness of ice floes depends on location, time of year, water currents and sea temperatures. Sea of Okhotsk, Russian Okhotskoye More, or Ochotskoje More, northwestern arm of the Pacific Ocean, bounded on the west and north by the east coast of Asia from Cape Lazarev to the mouth of the Penzhina River, on the east and southeast by the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kuril Islands, on the south by the northern coast of the Japanese island of Hokkaido, and on the southwest by Sakhalin Island. Sea of Okhotsk Sea of Okhotskis a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north. In the north-eastern part the average monthly air temperature during February is −20°C (−4°F), while in August the average is 12°C (54°F). Media in category "Islands of the Sea of Okhotsk" This category contains only the following file. The sea now supplies a large portion of the catches in eastern Russia and valuable deposits of oil and natural gas have been discovered on the sea’s northern shelf. Little known outside of Russia and seldom visited by westerners, Russia's Sea of Okhotsk dominates the Northwest Pacific. In autumn and in spring the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea is covered with ice. The general movement of water in the sea is counter-clockwise. River drainage combined with intense intermingling of waters by straits and wind and the upwelling of deep, nutrient-laden ocean waters are all favourable to marine life. These operations have been documented in the book Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. In this northern sea winter navigation is usually difficult, and at times impossible due to ice. With the exception of Japan's Hokkaido Island, the Sea of Okhotsk is surrounded on all sides by territory administered and controlled by the Russian Federation. This morning, visit Shumshu, one of the northernmost of the Kurils, which consist of 56 islands that separate the Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific. In the coastal areas it extends to the shore and floating ice appears in the open sea. However, Japan still maintains a claim to the four southernmost islands of the Kuril Archipelago, including Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan, and the Habomai rocks. These include Japan's second largest island, Hokkaidō, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. In 1714, Peter the Great sent a party of shipbuilders to Okhotsk to allow faster access to the furs of Kamchatka. More than 140 species of birds can be found on the island, most of them migratory. Okhotsk, Sea of (ōkŏtsk`), Rus. The seabed generally slopes from north to south, with a continental shelf along the northern and western margins to a depth of 200m (650 feet). The northeast corner is the Shelikhov Gulf. From 1932 to 1953 it was the administrative centre of the Dalstroy organization which coordinated a large scale and brutal forced-labor gold-mining and forced-labour camp operation. From October until April these areas experience very cold air temperatures, are constantly covered with ice and have very little precipitation – a classic continental climate. Islands. However, 21 species of birds constantly live there, so the small island is … Early in 2014 a United Nations commission officially recognized the Sea of Okhotsk enclave as part of Russia’s continental shelf. It belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation. The Sea of Okhotsk was a magnet for whalers in the mid 19th Century. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. From 1737 to 1837 there was a salt works on the coast which produced up to 36 tons of salt annually. Okhotsk was also a launch site of sounding rockets which reached altitudes of up to 1,000 kilometres between 1981 and 2005. Almost the entire sea came under the supervision of the Soviet Union in 1977 when a 200-mile exclusive economic zone was established. The northern and western regions of the sea experience severe weather during the winter because of the influence of the Asian continent. The largest island of Russia, Sakhalin, is also one of the islands of the Sea of Okhotsk. The deepest part is the Kuril Basin (west of the Kuril Islands) at about 2,500 metres (8,200 feet). The recession of Arctic sea ice in recent years due to global climate change had led to increased international legal manoeuvring over the rights to exploit the region's vast untapped hydrocarbon reserves. There was so little pasture in the area that pack horses sometimes had to be returned to Yakutsk unloaded. Sea of Okhotsk, and the East China Sea. Explore Okhotsk Town and interact with the friendly locals Visit Tyulenly Island, with one of the largest northern fur seal colonies View abundant birdlife, including the majestic Steller’s sea eagles Learn about the Gulags of the Kolyma Goldfields - a legacy of sorrow The two images above, acquired by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8, show thin sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk on March 12, 2020. The sea water temperature varies from -1.8 to +18 degrees C The Okhotsk Sea - The Most Beautiful Seas in the World In 1736 Okhotsk was moved two miles downstream to a spit of land at the mouth of the Okhota River, converting it to a proper port. In 1810 the Okhota River, its mouth jammed by ice, cut a new channel through the spit and isolated the town. Although the harbour inside the spit was large, three quarters of it was a mud flat during low water. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. Viewed from the International Space Station, patterns of sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk reveal the dynamics of ocean currents that could otherwise only be seen in sunglint. Iony Island is the only island located in open waters and belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation. Goods now had to be unloaded and barged across the shallow harbour where Yakuts would wade with loads from barge to shore. Because of the influence of these currents, the waters of the eastern half of the sea are warmer than those of the western part. Japan calls them the Northern Territories. Russian explorers Ivan Moskvitin and Vassili Poyarkov were the first Europeans to visit the Sea of Okhotsk in the 1640s. Portuguese Jew, Anton de Vieira, was governor of the town at that time. If the Philippines is divided into 3 major islands, Japan is subdivided deinto four (4) namely Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Hokkaido. Article … Ice cover makes an appearance at the end of October and reaches its greatest extent in March. The Sea of Okhotsk is one of the world’s most biologically productive seas. Large ships could only cross the bar on an incoming or outgoing high tide and sailing ships sometimes had to wait for days for the wind to blow in the right direction. Bering's men had found valuable Sea Otters east of Kamchatka and fur hunters began island-hopping along the Aleutian Islands. The northeast corner is the Shelikhov Gulf. It is located between Russia 's Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, Japan 's island of Hokkaido on the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north. This is heavily used from the Russian side. Around 1750 there were only 37 peasant families and a number of Yakut cattlemen. Shumshu is the lowest lying of the islands, and is covered with lakes and marshland. The sea’s maximum depth is 3,372 metres or 11,063 feet. Their furs were brought back to Okhotsk and most were carried inland to be sold to the Chinese at Kyakhta. The area is approximately of 1,600 million square kilometers. the Kuril Islands, and the Japanese island of Hokkaido. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. The town of Magadan, founded in 1929 on the site of an earlier settlement, was a major transit centre during the Stalin era for the predominantly political prisoners sent to forced-labour camps. These islands offer a fascinating primitive ad authentic beauty. It is an archipelago of 6,852 islands, most of which are mountainous, and many are volcanic. During the Cold War, the Sea of Okhotsk was the scene of several successful US Navy operations to tap Soviet Navy undersea communications cables. The latest earthquakes in Sea Of Okhotsk. the sea’s southwest portion. The Sea of Okhotsk is the coldest sea in East Asia and in winter the climate over much of the region differs only slightly from that found in the Arctic. To the south and south-east the proximity of the Pacific results in a milder marine climate. The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. By 1858 the catches had declined, sending most of the fleet back to the Bering Strait region, although ships continued to hunt whales in the Sea of Okhotsk until the early 20th Century. The islands of the Sea of Okhotsk include the second largest island of Japan, Hokkaido. The town had been built on a low narrow spit blocking the mouths of two rivers. Sea Of Okhotsk has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 30 days Except for the small area touching Hokkaido, the sea is almost completely enclosed by Russian territory. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. The town also provided the port for exporting the gold and other metals mined in the Kolyma region. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islandschain. Regardless, commerce still flows most of the year through the important Russian ports of Magadan, Palana and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. In the short summer months when temperatures warm the sea, there is a marked increase in activity. In the Bering Sea the trough north of Buldir in the Aleutian Islands sinks to 2237 fathoms, and in the Sea of Okhotsk, north-west of the Kuriles, to 1859 fathoms. Feeding the Russian Fur Trade: Provisionment of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula 1639–1856, James R Gibson, 1969, Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage, by Sherry Sontag, Christopher Drew and Annette Lawrence Drew, 1998, Magadan, Michael Solomon, 1971, Auerbach Publishers, May Day in Magadan, Anthony Olcott, 1984, Bantam Publishers, The Gulag Archipelago, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, three volumes published 1973–78. Positioned between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Russian coastline, Sakhalin Island, the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, the Sea of Okhotsk is an extension of the North Pacific Ocean. At this time the algae and seaweed flourish, resulting in a population explosion for crayfish, sea mussels, crabs, sea urchins, polyps and various types of fish. Large quantities of continental sediment flow into the sea, primarily from the Amur River. [7] If we place the Sea of Okhotsk and adjacent Beringia into a broader context of the Northern Hemisphere’s ma- The Sea of Okhotsk is home to the majestic Steller’s Sea Eagle and numerous seabirds such as guillemots, puffins, auklets and fulmars. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaidō, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. This recalibrated yet again the strategic value of the disputed South Kuril Islands. In 1682 the settlement of Okhotsk had just eight dwellings and five other buildings. The main population centre of the region is Magadan with approximately 100,000 people. Dutch captain Maarten Gerritsz Vries entered the Sea of Okhotsk in his ship the Breskens in 1643 and charted parts of the Sakhalin coast and Kuril Islands, but failed to realize that Sakhalin and Hokkaido were islands. Then in 1849 the Siberian governor Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky decided to move the Siberian Flotilla to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and other government facilities to Ayan. The ice retreats in June, except in the Sakhalin gulfs and the region around Shantar Island, where ice floes are not uncommon in July and sometimes even until August. The majorit… The only island on the open sea is the remote Jonas island in the northwestern part of the Okhotsk Sea, about halfway between Magadan and Nikolayevsk on the Amur. Land mammals such as the Kamchatka Brown Bear, Snow Sheep and the Marmot can also be found in this region. Heritage Expeditions 2020-21 Southern Ocean season made the national news this week appearing in TVNZ 1 News piece. Islands. This provided the Soviets favourable conditions to develop fisheries and embark on mineral exploitation. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. The area shown is just off the southeastern coast of Sakhalin, Russia’s largest island. The bottom of the Kuril Basin is predominantly covered with a clay-diatom silt, but closer to the shore are fine, silt-covered sands, coarse sands and pebbles mixed with mussel shells. It is connected with the Sea of Japan by the Tatar and La Pérouse straits and with the Pacific Ocean by passages through the Kuril Islands. These are generated by the large amount of freshwater from the Amur River which lowers the salinity and results in raising the freezing point of the sea. 10 History "Facts" That Are Actually Totally Wrong. The sea has a high bio-productivity and is rich in fish. Harder to find, but not uncommon on this expedition, are the magnificent Kamchatka brown bears and other impressive land mammals such as snow sheep. Vitus Bering's two Pacific expeditions (1725–1729 and 1733–1742) swelled the population and the first scholars and expert sailors arrived leading to a great deal of building. It covers an area of 1,583,000-square-kilometres (611,000-square-miles) and it has a mean depth of about 859 metres (2,818 feet). About the Okhotsk Sea The Okhotsk Sea is situated in the Pacific Ocean and washes Russia and Japan. By 1716 they had built the Vostok which Kozma Sokolov sailed to Kamchatka. The harbour was ice-free from May to November but the sailing season was only four months between June and September. It is between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north. In 1815 the town was moved a second time to the spit east of the harbour mouth. Other sources of sediment include coastal abrasion and volcanic activity. Head south to the Kuril Islands, a vast chain of volcanic islands separating the Sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific Ocean. It is probably best known as the centre of the notorious Gulags from the Stalin era, where tens of thousands of political prisoners were sent to forced labour camps in the 1930’s to 1950’s. |state=expanded: {{Sea of Okhotsk Islands|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Sea of Okhotsk Islands|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on … Sea Otters and Largha Seals abound along its shores. The Russian pioneers who founded the town of Okhotsk were skilled builders of river boats, but they lacked the knowledge and equipment to build seagoing vessels which meant that Okhotsk remained a coastal settlement and not a port. In winter, navigation on the Sea of Okhotsk becomes difficult and even impossible in some places, due to the formation of large ice floes. Jean-François de La Pérouse and William Robert Broughton were the first non-Russian European navigators known to have passed through these waters after Maarten Gerritsz Vries. unpublished], a broad Okhotsk-Sea ice stream not only ex-isted, but it moved at the rate of 2 km yr−1, despite its lower (floating) part being buttressed by the Kurile Island Arc. the Kamchatka Peninsula to the eastern cape of Hokkaido. Similar conditions prevail in the East China Sea and the Andaman Sea. For the next 145 years Okhotsk was the main Russian seaport on the Pacific, supplying Kamchatka and other coastal settlements. From at early on it had been clear that Okhotsk had been built on poor site. Lying in the western sector of the Sea of Okhotsk close to the continent, the islands in this archipelago are amongst the last place in the Sea of Okhotsk to become ice free each year. Waterfowl and many migratory species are also well represented. The Sea of Okhotsk was the site of the attack on Korean Air Flight 007 which the Soviets accused of spying in 1983 and was also used by the Soviet Pacific Fleet as a ballistic missile submarine bastion, a strategy that Russia continues to this day. Did You Know That More People Drown In Deserts Than Die From Dehydration? These fall either under undisputed Japanese or Russian ownership or disputed ownership between Japan and Russia. For the most part, the currents flow clockwise around the Kuril Islands. Water flows from the Sea of Japan into the Sea of Okhotsk, accounting for the comparative warmth of the south-western area. Iony Island is the only island in open waters. Okhotskoye More, 590,000 sq mi (1,528,100 sq km), northwest arm of the Pacific Ocean, W of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuril Islands. The sea was formed within the past two million years through the combined action of repeated glaciation. Sea of Okhotsk. This decision means that Russia has exclusive rights to the 52,000-square-kilometres area described as a 'real Ali Baba's cave' that contains reserves of valuable minerals and other natural resources. During the summer months the sea is warmed to a depth of 30 to 50 metres (100 to 165 feet). The first detailed summary of the hydrology of the Sea of Okhotsk was prepared and published by Stepan Makarov in 1894. In addition to a difficult track inland, the harbour was poor and the short growing season and lack of arable land meant that food had to be imported. In this northern sea winter navigation is usually difficult, and … Sea of Okhotsk Positioned between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Russian coastline, Sakhalin Island, the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, the Sea of Okhotsk is an extension of the North Pacific Ocean. Fresh water was also a challenge, and had to delivered to the settlement from two and a half miles away. The population of Magadan grew rapidly as facilities were developed for the expanding mining activities in the area. The coldest months in the sea are January and February and the warmest are July and August. The water of the Sea of Okhotsk consists of continental drainage, precipitation and waters flowing from the Pacific Ocean through the straits of the Kuril Islands and from the Sea of Japan through the La Perouse Strait. In the northern half of the straits they flow into the sea, but in the southern half they return into the Pacific. In this photo, we see nearly 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) of the East Sakhalin Current, which is carrying winter ice south toward Japan’s Hokkaido Island. With the exception of Japan’s Hokkaidō, the Sea of Okhotsk is surrounded on all sides by territory administered by the Russian Federation. By 1827 150 exiles and around 100 guards and overseers worked there. American ships began hunting Right Whales in south-eastern Okhotsk near the Kuril Islands in 1845 and the first Bowheads were caught there in 1847, leading to a preference for this species. The Sea of Okhotsk has one of the highest concentration of the majestic Steller's Sea eagle of anywhere in the Russian Far East. Between 1850 and 1853 the majority of the fleet focused their efforts on Bowheads in the Bering Strait region and as that resource diminished the whalers began to shift their attention back to the Right Whales in the Sea of Okhotsk. The Second Kamchatka Expedition under Vitus Bering in 1733 systematically mapped the entire coast of the sea. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. In 1845 the head of the Russian-America Company depot at Okhotsk, Vasily Zavoyko, oversaw the relocation of the company post south to Ayan. 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