Barack Obama carried the state in 2008 by 381,000 votes (56%). [160], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}44°37′27″N 89°59′39″W / 44.6243°N 89.9941°W / 44.6243; -89.9941 (State of Wisconsin), State in the upper Midwest region of the United States, This article is about the U.S. state. State Motto - "Forward" State Song - On, Wisconsin! Wear this design on your next road trip or at the game! Since 1945, the state has maintained a close balance between Republicans and Democrats. [96] The OJA reported 4,633 sexual assaults in 2009, with an overall clearance rate for sexual assaults of 57%. In 2006, Democrats gained in a national sweep of opposition to the Bush administration, and the Iraq War. 86% of Wisconsin's African-American population live in four cities: Milwaukee, Racine, Beloit, Kenosha, with Milwaukee home to nearly three-fourths of the state's black Americans. Later however, in April 2019, conservative judge Brian Hagedorn defeated his liberal opponent Lisa Neubauer by 6,100 votes. [145] Factors such as cultural identification with the state's heritage of German immigration, the long-standing presence of major breweries in Milwaukee, and a cold climate are often associated with the prevalence of drinking in Wisconsin. As territorial boundaries subsequently developed, it was then part of Indiana Territory from 1800 to 1809, Illinois Territory from 1809 to 1818, and Michigan Territory from 1818 to 1836. Tom Barrett, the mayor of Milwaukee and Walker's 2010 opponent, won the Democratic primary and faced Walker again. Scott Walker signs anti-union bill—but Democrats say they're the political victors", "CBS News: Scott Walker wins Wisconsin recall election", Governor Walker of Wisconsin signs right-to-work bill, "Scott Walker Signs 20-Week Abortion Ban, Trooper Pay Raise", "Walker Signs Concealed-Carry Measure Into Law", "Walker Signs 'Castle Doctrine' Bill, Other Measures", "The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands of Wisconsin", "Monthly Averages for Superior, WI (54880)—", "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE—Wisconsin—2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2019", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Wisconsin—Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts—CensusViewer", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Table 5—Crime in the United States 2009", "Wisconsin Court System—court system overview", "Mexican Consulate to open in Milwaukee on July 1", "Live election results: 2020 Wisconsin results", "Protesters out in force nationwide to oppose Wisconsin's anti-union bill", "Wisconsin Assembly passes bill to curb collective bargaining", Manufacturing industry top 10 states by GDP, Manufacturing industry top states by percentage of state economy, Wisconsin County Unemployment Rates: March 2017, Wisconsin's Rank in the Nations's Dairy Industry: 2007, 2012 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data, Vol. states. "American Cheese Production—States and United States: February 2010 and 2011" in United States Department of Agriculture. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. [14] Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, and over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. Major consumer products companies based in the state include SC Johnson & Co., and Diversey, Inc. Wisconsin also ranks first nationwide in the production of paper products; the lower Fox River from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay has 24 paper mills along its 39 miles (63 km) stretch. This region is part of the Driftless Area, which also includes portions of Iowa, Illinois, and Minnesota. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. Just to the south, the Northern Highland has massive mixed hardwood and coniferous forests including the 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, as well as thousands of glacial lakes, and the state's highest point, Timms Hill. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, and it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. For other uses, see, "Badger State" redirects here. Milwaukee is a major producer of beer and was formerly headquarters for Miller Brewing Company—the nation's second-largest brewer—until it merged with Coors. [39] Dewey, an abolitionist, was the first of many Wisconsin governors to advocate against the spread of slavery into new states and territories. [135] With more than 594,000 residents, Milwaukee is the 30th-largest city in the country. [80] Menominee County is the only county in the eastern United States with a Native American majority. This festival is held at the lakefront Henry Maier Festival Park just south of downtown, as are a summer-long array of ethnic musical festivals. Republicans took control of the governor's office and both houses of the state legislature. Some say that a state's motto is its underlying reason for being. Wisconsin has three types of municipality: cities, villages, and towns. Favorite song of the pioneers; the beautiful Wisconsin Waltz. The flag is dark blue silk, with the coat of arms of the state. Eight Interstate Highways are located in the state. [111] Manufacturing accounts for about 20% of the state's gross domestic product, a proportion that is third among all states. [24] In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien. Towns are unincorporated minor civil divisions of counties with limited self-government. However, when Europe divided into Communist and capitalist camps and the Communist revolution in China succeeded in 1949, public opinion began to move towards support for the protection of democracy and capitalism against Communist expansion.[53]. The State Motto is seen on the state seal and flag, and also on the U.S. Mint’s commemorative quarter for Wisconsin. In 2012, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney chose Wisconsin Congressman Paul Ryan, a native of Janesville, as his running mate against incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. The Great Seal of the State of Wisconsin is a seal used by the secretary of state to authenticate all of the governor’s official acts, except laws. The Official Website of the State of Wisconsin. The Wisconsin Blue Book is the primary published reference about the government and politics of the state. [130] Its in-state electrical generation is mostly from coal. Beginning in the 1890s, farmers in Wisconsin shifted from wheat to dairy production in order to make more sustainable and profitable use of their land. Wisconsin State Symbols and Emblems: State Flag. base of shield resting upon a horn of plenty and pyramid of pig lead, all proper; over all, on fesse point, the arms and motto of the United States, Wisconsin does not impose a property tax on vehicles, but does levy an annual registration fee. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin is divided into eight congressional districts. Until January 1, 2008, Wisconsin's estate tax was decoupled from the federal estate tax laws; therefore the state imposed its own estate tax on certain large estates.[99]. In the Great Lakes region, only Detroit and Cleveland have a higher percentage of African-American residents. The system is expected to be expanded in the future. Wisconsin does not collect inheritance taxes. 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