James was often labelled as the "wisest fool in Christendom". The main controversy based on which this war was fought was slavery. The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers"), mainly over the manner of England's governance and issues of religious freedom. But in 1635 Charles decided that everyone should pay because they all benefitted from the navy’s protection. "The Causes of the English Civil War". Coupled with his desire to extend his high Anglican (read here thinly disguised Catholic) policies and practices to Scotland, Charles I needed the financial support of Parliament. The English Civil War and Puritanism - Duration: 28:29. Ship Tax was an established tax that was paid by counties with a sea border in times of war. James’ son Charles was conceited and strongly believed in the divine right of kings. A quick but dense overview of what led up to the English Civil War(s) beginning in 1642. Pitting brother against brother and father against son, the English civil war is a blot on our history. She heard Roman Catholic mass every day in her own private chapel and frequently took her children, the heirs to the English throne, to mass. This essay will discuss and deal with the different factors that gave rise to the English Civil War.As was said above, one of the main problems of Charles’ reign was the lack of money and, undoubtedly, this was a good reason for a civil war. The Earl of Strafford - "Black Tom Tyrant" -  was one of Charles I’s top advisors. So the origins of the English Civil War are complex and intertwined. John Hampden, a powerful MP, famously refused to pay the new tax because Parliament had not agreed to it. the parliament was trying to get more power than Charles 1 and take over the country. James was often labelled as the "wisest fool in Christendom". Money had also been an issue from the outset, especially as the royal coffers had been emptied during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. Above: Parliament in the time of King Charles I. Charles’s personal rule reads like a ‘how to annoy your countrymen for dummies’. Finally, Oliver Cromwell, the man who had fought so hard for the rights of Parliament, established a quasi-dictatorship in 1653. Above: King Charles preparing before the Battle of Edgehill. Daniël Mijtens, Charles I, 1625; Long term causes: Under Charles I’s father James I the role of monarchy had begun to decline. Through the study of money, religion and power at this time it is clear that one factor is woven through them all and must be noted as a major cause of the English Civil War; that is the attitude and ineptitude of Charles I himself, perhaps the antithesis of an infallible monarch. After the conclusion of the humiliating Treaty of Ripon that let the Scots remain in Newcastle and Durham whilst being paid £850 a day for the privilege, Charles summoned Parliament. However, less is known but much is debated about the causes since they did Nicknames. Parliament wasted no time arresting and putting on trial the Kings closest advisers, including Archbishop Laud and Lord Strafford. By 1642 Charles I found himself nearly bankrupt, surrounded by blatant corruption and nepotism and desperate to hold onto the thin veil that masked his religious uncertainty. This blessing should create an infallible leader – and there is the rub. This is the belief that the King or Queen is chosen by God! Web. The causes of the English civil war 1. The two sides in the English Civil war had been established. Yet how did it start? By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The English Civil War/Causes. • Charles took the result of Hampden (Ship Money) Case as evidence that he was right in what he was doing. Six days after the attempted arrest debacle, Charles left London for Oxford to raise an army. The slide to war becomes more pronounced from this stage onwards. Fought between 1642–1651, the English Civil War saw King Charles I (1600–1649) battle Parliament for control of the English government. Banner image by David Muscroft / Shutterstock.com, On 30th January 1649, King Charles I was beheaded outside Banqueting House in Whitehall…, The Battle of Edgehill on October 23rd 1642 was the first battle of the English Civil War – and is reputed to be contested again and again by ghostly armies at the battle site…. The English civil war was a long chain of conflict and rivalry, which was set between two very powerful forces, who consisted of The Royalists (King Charles I, and his supporters), and the Roundheads (Parliament, and their supporters). The sides were crystallized and the battle lines were drawn. It was also made a condition of the treaty that King Charles I set about lifting restrictions for recusants (that is Catholics who refused to attend Anglican Church services)… Religion was a major cause of the English Civil War. The English Civil War was a conflict between the Parliament and Charles I. Start studying The Causes of the English Civil War. Loading... Unsubscribe from Russel Tarr? Furthermore, Charles’ support for his friend Archbishop William Laud’s reforms to the English Church were seen by many as a move backwards to the popery of Catholicism. Someone close to the king tipped off Parliament and the men fled before Charles arrived. The resultant backlash and popular opposition however proved that there was growing support for a check on the power of the King. Charles’s continued support for these types of policies continued to pile on support for those that were looking to put a limit on his power. We English like to think of ourselves as gentlemen and ladies; a nation that knows how to queue, eat properly and converse politely. 5621230. Copyright © Historic UK Ltd. Company Registered in England No. He was by no means an infallible leader, a fact that was glaringly obvious to both Parliament and the people of England. He had observed his father’s arguments with Parliament naturally blamed the MPs. As a result, the two sides clashed with regards to. that his power came from God, so he was answerable only to God. Indeed, several things contributed to the animosity between Parliament and the monarchy, which erupted into armed conflict in 1642. The Causes of the English Civil War were manifold: this article explores some of the key long term and short term causes. English Protestants were constantly fearful of Catholicism being foisted upon the English, whether through foreign invasion or internal rebellion. 2015. 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