[4] Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of India[a] towards Gilgit-Baltistan, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh. It flows west and enters India in the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir. "Father of Rivers") in Pashto, نهر السند (Nahar al-Sind) in Arabic, སེང་གེ་གཙང་པོ། (singi khamban lit. The Indus River is one of the most beautiful rivers of India. The Government of Pakistan established the Indus River System Authority in the year_____? Tarbela Dam in Pakistan is constructed on the Indus River, while the controversial Kalabagh dam is also being constructed on Indus river. Accounts of the Indus valley from the times of Alexander's campaign indicate a healthy forest cover in the region, which has now considerably receded. [64][65], The 2011 Sindh floods began during the Pakistani monsoon season in mid-August 2011, resulting from heavy monsoon rains in Sindh, eastern Balochistan, and southern Punjab. The rest of the portion lies in Pakistan. Therefore, their flow is always different at times of the year. The 3rd millennium BC saw the rise of a major urban civilization of the Bronze Age. "Lion River" or Lion Spring) in Tibetan, 印度 (Yìndù) in Chinese, Nilab in Turki and සින්දු නදී (Sindhu Nadi) in Sinhalese. The Indus System is one of the largest river basins of the world. Indus River • India got her name from Indus. The Indus acts as the main source of water supply for Pakistan. 710 km in India Jhelum Verinag 720 km Chenab Bara Lacha Pass 1180 km Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 725 km Beas Near Rohtang Pass 460 km Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes 1450 km total 1050 km in India Indus River System D.K. As a result, damming and irrigation has made fish farming an important economic activity. In the Rigveda, notably in the later hymns, the meaning of the word is narrowed to refer to the Indus river in particular, e.g. The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. • Just above Mithankot, the Indus receives from Panjnad (Panchnad), the accumulated waters of the This happened two centuries after the Indus river shifted its course westwards following the 1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake. The word "India" is derived from the Indus River. The river is especially critical since rainfall is meagre in the lower Indus valley. The indus river system 1. The Indus Basin Project consisted primarily of the construction of two main dams, the Mangla Dam built on the Jhelum River and the Tarbela Dam constructed on the Indus River, together with their subsidiary dams. [66] The floods caused considerable damage; an estimated 434 civilians were killed, with 5.3 million people and 1,524,773 homes affected. [35], The Indus River basin has a high diversity, being the home of more than 180 freshwater fish species,[36] including 22 which are found nowhere else. In the Nanga Parbat region, the massive amounts of erosion due to the Indus river following the capture and rerouting through that area is thought to bring middle and lower crustal rocks to the surface.[32]. The Indus river system consists of glaciers and snows as it has tributaries that flow through the glaciers of Himalayas, Karakoram ranges and the Hindu Kush mountain ranges. To account for the maintenance of this cooperation the paper argues that it is necessary to consider the design of the Permanent Indus Commission, an institution established to manage the Indus River. Under Clause 13 of the WAA ’91, the need to establish an Indus River System Authority was recognized and accepted for the implementation of the Accord. [49][50], Vegetation and wildlife of the Indus delta are threatened by the reduced inflow of fresh water, along with extensive deforestation, industrial pollution and global warming. Indus River System. According to the data released by IRSA, water level in the Indus River at Tarbela Dam was 1460.90 feet, which was 74.90 feet higher than its dead level 1386 feet. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the Aryan peoples of ancient India, the Rigveda, composed about 1500 BCE, mention the river, which is … [7] Its left-bank tributary in Ladakh is the Zanskar River, and its left-bank tributary in the plains is the Panjnad River which itself has five major tributaries, namely the Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers. Pakistan is also building Munda Dam. "Now what does that mean to a population that lives in a desert [where], without the river, there would be no life? The Hakra river is hydraulically connected to the Nara River provided it has adequate flow to maintain surface flow. Aartee Mishra. In Sindh, the Indus burst its banks near Sukkur on 8 August, submerging the village of Mor Khan Jatoi. The water assets of the Indus river system are shared by India and Pakistan according to the Indus Water Treaty signed between the two countries on 19th September, 1960. The Indus river and its watershed has a rich biodiversity. A. Latest Updates. [69][70] There are some bridges on river Indus, such as, Dadu Moro Bridge, Larkana Khairpur Indus River Bridge, Thatta-Sujawal bridge, Jhirk-Mula Katiar bridge and recently planned Kandhkot-Ghotki bridge. Himalayan River Systems. [56][57] As a result, the government banned fishing from Guddu Barrage to Sukkur. ", 10.1130/0016-7606(2001)113<1039:DOTIFA>2.0.CO;2, "Crustal reworking at Nanga Parbat, Pakistan: Metamorphic consequences of thermal-mechanical coupling facilitated by erosion", "Corona effect: Only Sindhis allowed for Sindhu Darshan Fest", "The Genetic Ancestry of Modern Indus Valley Populations from Northwest India", "Indus Delta, Pakistan: economic costs of reduction in freshwater flow", International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Pakistan's water economy: getting the balance right", "Pakistan's floodwaters welcomed along Indus delta", "River basin development phases and implications of closure", "Integrated Water Resource Systems: Theory and Policy Implications", "Technology Breakthroughs for Global Water Security: A Deep Dive into South Asia", "Global warming benefits to Tibet: Chinese official. Consequently, this paper seeks to demonstrate that India and Pakistan remain interdependent in managing their Indus River system and for over 40 years, they have sustained active cooperation. Indus River - Indus River - Irrigation: Irrigation from Indus waters has provided the basis for successful agriculture since time immemorial. The dams also generate electricity for heavy industries and urban centers. Himalayan Rivers existed even before the formation of Himalayas (Antecedent Drainage) They were flowing into the Tethys Sea. Indus river is a west-flowing river that originates in the Tibetan plateau near Lake Mansarovar. This lever has a total length of 2897 km and finally terminates at the Arabian Sea. Alaknanda River joins Bhagirathi river at Devaprayag. Log in, Complaint Letter Format | How to Write a Letter of Complaint? "[54], Over the years factories on the banks of the Indus River have increased levels of water pollution in the river and the atmosphere around it. [21][22] Presently, Indus water flows in to the Rann of Kutch during its floods breaching flood banks. Indus River system Question:- Write about the Indus river system. 1960 B. Origin: The Indus River originates near the Mansarovar Lake in the Tibetan plateau, on the northern slopes of the Kailash Mountain Range. The Indus also is known as the Sindhu, is the westernmost of the Himalayan rivers in India. to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress. It originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu (31°15’ N latitude and 81°40’ E longitude) in the Tibetan region at an altitude of 4,164 m in the Kailash Mountain range. India can use nearly 20% of the total water carried by the Indus river system. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). They constitute the Indus River system. Only that the Indus flooded twice and the Nile River only flood once a year. 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